Po Nagar Cham Towers - located 2 km north from the center of Nha Trang, on the banks of the River Cai. There are four Cham Towers and they are still actively used for worship by Cham, Chinese and Vietnamese Buddhists. Originally, the complex seven or eight towers, but only four towers
were left. Upon these is the 28 meter high northern tower (Thap Chinh), dating back to the year 817. This building still has a religious significance for the people, you have shoes pull out before you go inside.
One suspects that this place though was first place they used use worship in the 2nd century AD. The original wooden structure was razed to the ground by an attack of the Javanese in 774, but everything was replaced by a stone-and-brick temple (the first of its kind) in 784.
The towers serve as a kind of Holy Seat, in honor of Yang Ino Po Nagar, the goddess of Dua (Liu) clan, who ruled more about the southern part of the Cham kingdom. There are inscriptions on stone spread over the complex, of which most are related to the history or religion and they provide an insight into the spiritual life and social structure of the Cham people.
All the temples have targeted the entrance to the east. Here the original entrance to the complex was also facing east. This is at the right side if you come up the hill. In the past centuries the followers came up the hill through meditation hall with pillars. There ten pillars are still visible, before taking the steep stairs to the towers.
The pillars, before going up a steep staircase
In 918 King placed Indravarman III (carved phallus with a human face on it) a gold mukha-linga in the North Tower, but it was stolen by Khmer robbers. Multiple images were then replaced, but..... destroyed or stolen. This lasted until 965, when King Jaya IV Indravarman replaced the gold mukha-linga by a stone figure, Uma (Shakti or female consort of Shiva), which is still present.
Above the entrance of the North Tower you can see two musicians. One of them has his feet on the head of the bull Nandin. He is flanked by a dancing, four-armed Shiva. The sandstone doorposts are covered with inscriptions, as well as parts of the walls. A gong and a drum were placed under the pyramid-shaped ceiling in the front room. In the 28m high pyramid-shaped chamber is a black stone statue of the goddess Uma with 10 arms, of which two are hidden under her jacket. She sits and leans against a monstrous beast.
The Central Tower (Thap Nam) was partially built with old bricks in the 12th century. At this place was originally a building that dates back to the 7th century. It was built less delicate than the other towers and has little embellishments. The pyramidal roof is missing and som epillars, although the interior once had altars, that were covered with silver. There is a linga in the main room.
A worship in the Po Nagar Cham Towers
The south tower (Mieu Dong Nam) was once dedicated to Sand Haka (Shiva). It still houses a linga, while the richly decorated Northwest Tower (Thap Tay Bac) was originally dedicated to Ganesh. At the rear of the complex is a less impressive museum with a few examples of Cham masonry.