Until today the Ede community is a matriarchal society with traditions, where women dominate the family, particularly on the basis of their maternity.
The children are given the mother's surname. The youngest daughter is the inheritor. Ede society is regulated by customary laws based on the matriarchal system.
It is the woman who takes the initiative in marital relationships. They choose a intermediary in order to ask for a young man in marriage.
As soon as the couple marries, they are going to live with the family of the woman. If one of the couple dies, the family of the deceased’s lineage must replace the spouse according to the chue nue (continuing the line) custom so that the surviving spouse is not alone. It also ensures that the thread of love tied between the two lineages.
This is in accordance with the teachings of the ancestors
The Ede’s principal food crop is rice, cultivated on swidden fields which, after a period of time, after left fallow before being exploited anew (cleared and burned). Each period of exploitation of a field varied between 5 and 8 years, based on the quality of the soil. Crop rotation and intercropping is practiced and there is only one wet rice harvest per year. Wet rice fields are found only among the Bih near Lac Lake.
The most numerous animals and poultry raised on the family farm are pigs, buffaloes, and chickens, but they are mostly used when there are ritual sacrifices to perform. The most widespread family handicrafts are:
- the plaiting of household objects out of bamboo,
- the cultivation of cotton in order to weave cloths
Pottery and blacksmithing are not well-developed among the Ede. Barter was the most spread marketing practice in the former time.
The Ede eat rice cooked in clay pots or in large-sized metal pots. Ede food includes a spicy salt, game meat, bamboo shoots, vegetables and root crops abstained from hunting and gathering activities. Ruou can, fermented alcohol consumed using a bamboo drinking tube or straw, is stored and served in large earthen jars. Steamed sticky rice is reversed for ritual occasions. Men and women chew betel nut.
The Ede life grouped into long stilt houses in a village ("Buon"). These longhouses can be up to 100 meters in length, without beams, boat-shaped with hardwood frames, bamboo floors and walls and a high thatched roof. About one-third is shared. The rest is divided into smaller areas to give privacy to married couples.
Like the Jarai are animists Ede. Among the array of gods, especially worship the gods of fire and water. They believe that gods govern all creation. For the funeral, they build a hut, which reflect the longhouse. A funeral is for them a complex and costly. If the deceased's family can not afford the ceremony, it can be kept for several years.
There are approximately 200,000 inhabitants of the Ede minority group in Vietnam, most of them are living in the Central Highlands.
Ruou can drinking by a straw.
Proper name: Anak Ede
Other names: Anak, Ea De, Ra De (or Kha De), E De, Egar, De.